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Month: November 2021

Best Web App Development Frameworks In 2022

Best Web App Development Frameworks In 2022

There are many web app development frameworks available in the market these days. It is a quite tricky and complex task to choose an appropriate web framework for a preferred web app development. The selection of a framework also depends on the scenarios. For example, if you are a developer and looking to leverage all your development skills in a web app development career, you might go with the most popular framework available, which fits your profile and requirements.

But, if you are an organization or enterprise. You should choose a framework, which fit with the goals and resources of your organization and will be maintained for a few upcoming years.

The basic criteria to choose a web development framework are as follows:

  • The framework must be well adapted and mainstream in the industry.
  • The web development framework must be highly stable and popular.
  • It should be in-demand as well.
  • The framework must not fall under the legacy category. For example, jQuery.
  • Also, You must avoid frameworks, which cannot be maintained in future such as AngularJS, ASP.NET, etc.

In this article, we are going to mention some of the best web app development frameworks to use in 2022 for both the developers like you and enterprise.

Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. What Is A Web App Framework?
3. What Are The Popular Web App Development Frameworks?
4. What Are Progressive Web Apps?
5. Which Are The Best Web Frameworks To Use In 2022?
5.1. AngularJS
5.2. React.js
5.3. Vue.js
5.4. Laravel
5.5. Django
5.6. Flask
5.7. Express.js
5.8. Ruby on Rails
5.9. Spring
5.10. Node.js
6. Conclusion


Web applications are becoming more important with each passing day as compared to earlier. With continuous increment in the advancement of web frameworks, the web development level for creating and deploying web apps is also increasing at a rapid rate.

Frameworks are responsible for allowing the developers or programmers to develop scalable, robust, intuitive, and interactive application software on both the backend and frontend. These web app frameworks are designed in order to support the application development like web services, web APIs, and web resources. Hence, these frameworks play a vital role in the entire web app development process by making it seamless and efficient.

Are you facing issues in choosing the correct framework that is suitable for your web app development?

Well! We are here to help you out.

This blog deals with some of the top web app development frameworks that are available currently, in a wide variety of languages.

So, before moving further, let us start with some basic knowledge of web app frameworks.

What Is A Web App Framework?

A web framework is responsible for supporting the entire creation, development process, and publishing of web sites and web applications efficiently. In simpler words, a web framework is a software that provides an accessible and standard way of building web applications. A web framework can be customizable as well and allows you to input a number of unique tools and features.

Frontend and Backend web frameworks are the most popular web app development frameworks available on today’s date.

Frontend Web Development Framework

Frontend refers to the application’s or web site’s area with which the users can directly interact. Earlier, the programmers were needed to write the code manually in order to make these behaviors and interactions usable. With frontend web frameworks, you, as a developer can reduce the complexity of the tasks with the help of a pre-written code.

Here are some of the top frontend web app development frameworks:

  • Angular JS
  • React.js
  • Vue.js
  • Spring

Backend Web Development Framework

Backend web frameworks are termed as the server-sided frameworks, which are used for the backend development of web applications and web sites. Unlike other frameworks, these frameworks offer flawless tools in order to assist with the web tasks’ development like security, database interactions, user authorization, URL routing, and more such tasks.

Here are some of the top backend web development frameworks:

  • CakePHP
  • Node.js
  • Laravel
  • Ruby on Rails
  • Express

What Are Progressive Web Apps?

Progressive Web Apps (PWA) are the combination of new technologies and best practices for designing reliable, engaging, and accessible user experiences. PWAs are also responsible for providing a native-like user experience with the help of an opt-in installation flow, which is user-friendly.

In simpler words, PWA is a web application that uses manifests, service workers, and several other features of web-platform with the combination of progressive enhancement in order to provide the same user experience as of native apps. Progressive web apps are:

  • Secure
  • Reliable
  • Engaging
  • Responsive
  • Use single code base

Which Are The Best Web Frameworks To Use In 2022?

Top Web App Frameworks

Whether you are a beginner in web app development or a professional, you might face the challenges of choosing the right web app development framework because of a large number of frameworks availability. Here are our top picks that you may select in order to build robust and scalable web applications:

  • AngularJS
  • React.js
  • Vue.js
  • Laravel
  • Django
  • Flask
  • Express.js
  • Ruby on Rails
  • Spring
  • Node.js

The below graph shows you the worldwide popularity stars from (0K – 200K) for every web app development framework.

Web Framework Popularity

Now, let us understand all of these web frameworks in detail for more clarity.

1. AngularJS

AngularJS Framework

In our list of top web app development frameworks, AngularJS is at the first position with the most helpful and dynamic web app frontend framework. It is an open-source and widely adopted web framework developed by Google. It possesses a component and structural architecture in order to build perfect, robust, scalable, and enterprise-oriented web applications.

AngularJS allows you, as a developer, to create web apps with top-notch features such as MVC pattern, dependency injection, and directives. You can use these features mainly while building single-page web applications.

AngularJS is also responsible for utilizing Typescript and JavaScript along with other technologies such as Angular CLI in order to make the code packages and modules hassle free for the programmer.

2. React.js

Reactjs Framework

React.js is also one of the most popular web frameworks after AngularJS in the list of top web app development frameworks. Maintained and developed by Facebook, React is a JavaScript library for implementing the view layer of the web in a component-oriented way. React possesses a slogan “Learn Once, Write Anywhere”, which signifies that the developers can use this framework in order to build applications for various User Interfaces such as Web, desktop, mobile, SMART TV, etc.

React also plays a vital role in offering the perfect server-side rendering along with impeccable SEO support. It is a disruptive framework, which is responsible for making one-way data binding, immutable state, and declarative programming comprehensively popular.

3. Vue.js

Vuejs Framework

This web app framework is another best choice for developing web apps after AngularJS and React.js. The person behind developing Vue.js is Evan You. This client-side framework is an Model-View-View-Model and based on JavaScript. It is a community-driven web app development framework, which is designed by combining the View Layer and Virtual DOM parts of AngularJS and React respectively.

Vue.js is also one of the best Progressive Web App (PWA) development JavaScript-based frameworks and offers top-notch documentation. It is also among some of the lightest web app development frameworks that exist at just 20KB.

Although it is very popular among many software engineers, Facebook and Google still do not support Vue.js currently. However, it is likely to change in the near future.

4. Laravel

Laravel Framework

Laravel is a flawless Model-View-Controller (MVC) framework, which is responsible for utilizing the PHP programming language for developing robust, scalable, and interactive web applications. Taylor Otwell is the person behind releasing this developer-friendly and excellent framework in the year 2011.

It’s Laracasts tutorial library includes enormous resources, videos, and much more, which possess various Laravel-compatible frontend technologies. Additionally, Laravel also leverages the API support.

From hassle-free debugging to Hybrid app development environment, Laravel includes everything that you need for intuitive application development. For example, subscription billing, OAuth2 implementation, and everything else that you think your web app or website must have is created natively using Laravel web app framework.

5. Django

Django Framework

Django is a top-notch Python-based web development framework. It was designed by Simon Willison and Adrian Holovaty in 2005. It is a backend web development framework, which follows a Model-Template-View (MTV) architectural pattern. In the past few years, the adoption for Python has been increasing at a rapid rate.

Because of several intuitive features that Django offers, it is currently one of the most widely adopted backend frameworks for developing scalable web apps and websites. Django is also known as the “Batteries Included” framework and provides Object-Relational-Mapping (ORM), Caching, Middleware, and Security for developing quicker and top-quality applications.

6. Flask

Flask Framework

Flask is a micro-web framework based on the Python programming language, which was created by Armin Ronacher in 2010. This micro-framework does not require any libraries or particular tools. This server-side framework is also becoming popular with the increasing demand for Python.

The completely modular Flask is also responsible for supporting pluggable Extensions. This impeccable framework also uses Werkzeug for handling HTTP and Jinja2 as a template engine. Flask also features an extensible CLI that helps the programmer in accessing the application with ease.

7. Express.js

Express Framework

Express.js is another MVC-based server-side web app development framework created by TJ Holowaychuk in 2010. This framework is also based on JavaScript and offers various minimalistic functionalities. Many programmers use this framework in order to build REST-based comprehensive server-side web apps along with pluggable View Layer.

Although Express.js is primarily used for server-side web app development, it is also responsible for supporting end-to-end app development along with following the MVC pattern. Additionally, it also supports more than 14 template engines. Express.js also features the support for middleware, templating, and routing. With more than ten years in the development sector, Express.js is highly mature, performant, and stable.

8. Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails Framework

Ruby on Rails is another faultless web app development framework, which is much easier to learn and possesses everything that a developer like you need to develop innovative and scalable applications. The person behind creating this server-side or backend web framework is David Heinemeier Hansson. This framework comprehensively supports Ruby programming language and MVC architectural pattern.

It is also a Batteries Included web development framework that includes all those features you need to build an application at a fast rate such as Database Migration, Caching, ORM, Security, and Middleware. Currently, Ruby on Rails is another very popular web framework that industries and enterprises are using extensively to build robust web apps, which are capable of outperforming their competitors.

9. Spring

Spring Framework

Rod Johnson released a backend web app development framework in 2002 known as Spring framework. Since then, Spring has now become one of the primitive web app frameworks in the development of applications, which are based on Java. Also, Spring plays a vital role by supporting Reactive and Asynchronous programming.

Additionally, the innovative Spring web framework is also responsible for making Inversion of Control, Annotation, and Dependency Injection highly popular. It also supports Cloud Native development, several event-based app development, and Batch processing.

Many developers use Spring framework for the development of large scale web applications because this framework features a number of data sources, security, and everything that you need to create a robust, scalable, and intuitive web app.

10. Node.js

Nodejs Framework

Node.js is an innovative and most popular web app development framework among various other web frameworks. Many other popular web app frameworks such as React, Angular, and many such use Node.js as their core developing block. It provides necessary tools like NPM, which is a JavaScript runtime tool used that developers use to build scalable Asynchronous web applications.

Additionally, this open source framework is a widely adopted web framework for developing simple web applications and acquiring great support for this. Also, Node.js is also responsible for running the V8 JavaScript engine, which is Google Chrome’s core.

Node.js is also advantageous because with the help of this web framework, a number of frontend developers writing JavaScript for the browser are capable of writing the server-side code along with the client-side code without learning an entirely different language.


We hope you will find this article helpful. After going through this blog, you will be able to understand the functionalities and features of all the above listed web app development frameworks with more clarity. Whether you are a developer at a beginner level or you are a professional, you might think twice before opting for the right web framework if you are going to build a robust, scalable, and intuitive web application.

Here, in this article, we have mentioned some of the top web app development frameworks for both frontend and backend development. For instance, if you are looking to build a large-scale web app, Spring or AngularJS might be the perfect choice for you. But, if you are looking for the best frontend web development framework, Laravel or Node.js are the ideal choice.

You can also get in touch with 4 Way Technologies, a leading web app development company. Please feel free to provide your valuable feedback in the comment section below.

Best Android Libraries To Use In 2022

Best Android Libraries To Use In 2022

4 Way Technologies, a leading Android app development company offers you robust, scalable, and intuitive mobile applications with the help of highly skilled Android app developers who are proficient in delivering growth-oriented Android apps.

Being an Android programmer or developer is definitely not an easy task. It requires understanding and knowledge of the libraries, languages, and many more.

In order to help the programmers and make the app development process easy for them, we have discussed some of the best Android libraries for a number of Android app developers like you.

In simpler words, Android libraries and frameworks are a set of implementations, which are written in programming languages along with an impeccably defined interface.

Android libraries usually contain documentation, message templates, configuration data, help data, subroutines & pre-written code, classes, values, and more.

In this article, we are going to discuss some of the best Android libraries that a developer like you can access while developing Android applications.

Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. Android Libraries To Use In 2022
2.1. AnimatedPieView
2.2. PRDownloader
2.3. FloatWindow
2.4. ExpansionPanel
2.5. ButterKnife
2.6. Kotlin-math
2.7. EasyPermissions
2.8. Lottie
2.9. Android Retrofit
2.10. ThreeTen
2.11. Zxing
2.12. Expenso
2.13. PanelLayout
2.14. SuperBottomBar
2.15. LabeledSeekSlider
3. Conclusion


One of the major reasons for using these libraries is to expedite and optimize the Android app development process, i.e., develop an astounding app without any unnecessary or additional efforts. These new Android libraries for developers provide them with basic pre-written codes and other important elements that can be used instantly rather than performing these tasks from scratch.

So, if you have just started your career in Android apps creation and want to know about popular libraries that are a go-to tool of almost every Android mobile app development company, then this article is what you need.

So, let us start!

Android Libraries To Use In 2022

Top Android Libraries

The following list of best Android libraries will help you in developing robust, scalable, and growth-oriented Android applications:

1. AnimatedPieView

This Android library is responsible for displaying the ring and pie charts on Android mobile apps. It is released under the permissive Apache-2.0 license.

There are various features offered by this AnimatedPieView library. Some of them are as follows:

  • AnimatedPieView offers an angle for setting clearance.
  • It shows a set description for each paragraph.
  • It also provides click callback and click effect features.
  • Another impeccable feature possessed by the AnimatedPieView Android library is animations during chart drawing.
  • It also offers alpha animation upon touch.
  • Another feature is to fit the text field position at the time of animation by itself.
  • AndroidPieView also possesses transformation between a ring and a pie chart.
  • It also features the conversion to a bitmap from a resource ID.

The documentation of this library is well-documented and plays a vital role in Android app development.

2. PRDownloader

This library is one of the most popular Android app developing libraries used for downloading a file. Hence, PRDownloader is also known as the file-downloader Android library with the available support for resuming and pausing the downloading.

With the help of PRDownloader, you can download several types of files including pdf, image, apk, video, etc. It also helps you in downloading large files successfully. PRDownloader Android library is released under the Apache-2.0 license along with a flawless documentation.

PRDownloader involves a very simple and interactive interface for downloading a file. It also allows you to check the downloading status of a file with the help of the provided download ID.

PRDownloader is also responsible for giving callbacks for various things such as, onCancel, onError, onProgress, onStart, and more during a file download. It supports you properly in cancelling the request as well along with a number of available customizations.

3. FloatWindow

FloatWindow is an Android library, which helps you add a “Floating Window” that can be displayed first before all your activities. The Float Window describes a Floating Action Button, which can be seen on the interface of your Android application.

The FloatWindow library also comes under the Apache-2.0 license with great documentation. However, the documentation available for this library is available in Chinese. In order to use this library, first you need to convert it into Engli.sh before starting with the FloatWindow Android library.

4. ExpansionPanel

ExpansionPanel is a perfect Android library, which is feature-rich and allows the developers to implement Expansion Panels. These panels include creation flows and enable the element’s lightweight editing feature.

With the help of ExpansionPanel Android library, you, as a developer can set-up a number of expansion layouts by allowing only one to be opened in a single time.

The ExpansionPanel library is one of the most user-friendly Android libraries available in the market. Also, this library includes an in-built sample app in order to make the task for developers a bit more easy. Additionally, the entire code of ExpansionPanel comes under the Apache-2.0 license with good documentation and you can also obtain the sample app from Google Play.

5. ButterKnife

A view binding library ButterKnife makes use of annotation in order to generate boilerplate code for Android programmers. This is a top-notch Android library by Jake Wharton, and it is responsible for making the code simpler than ever before.

With the help of this renowned Android library, mobile app developers can avoid writing repetitive code lines as ButterKnife comprehensively helps developers in binding strings, drawables, dimens, click events, etc.

Now, rather than writing the setOnClickListener method for every view, you can make use of @OnClick annotation that gives click events for single or multiple views. In short, using a ButterKnife library is a lot easier for your Android project.

Now, you can use @OnClick annotation, which is responsible for giving click events for multiple or single views instead of writing the setOnClickListener method for every single view. For more clarity on its documentation, click this link.

6. Kotlin-math

Kotlin-math is a fantastic Android app building library. It is a comprehensive set of Kotlin APIs, which is responsible for allowing the developer to write graphics math in a much simpler way. These application programming interfaces are primarily modeled after OpenGL Shading Language for porting code from and to shaders in an easier way.

There are different value types that Kotlin-math library offers. This library also falls under the Apache-2.0 license and comes with great documentation. There are a number of APIs, which you can see as the top-notch functions rather than as methods.

7. EasyPermissions

EasyPermissions is another ideal wrapper library, which is responsible for simplifying the basic system permissions. With the help of this library, you will be able to check if your Android application has the needed permissions already or not. The documentation available for this library is also exemplary.

Additionally, EasyPermissions#requestPermissions is a permission requesting method, which will be responsible for requesting the system permissions and showing the string provided whenever it is needed. However, the given request code should be dissimilar to this request.

8. Lottie

According to many experienced Android developers, Lottie library is a virtuous Android development library, which shows the syntactic role of Adobe After Effects animations. With the help of this library, even the beginner-level designers can create amazing animations for the first time. It currently supports shape layers, alpha mattes, masks, solids, dash patterns, and trim paths.

Also, Lottie Android library permits the developers to go backward & forward, and one of the most important things is that it also allows the program animation to respond to any kind of interaction.

9. Android Retrofit

Retrofit is another very popular Android development library which is responsible for providing the frameworks, which allow effective authentication and interaction.

This is a perfect library by Square that allows the connection of HTTP-based API services through the Android Apps. It takes the complete advantage of the core functionality of the OkHttp library, and also adds a number of upright features to it during elimination of the boilerplate code.

With the help of Retrofit you can easily receive data structures as compared to JSON. For example, Jackson and SimpleXML. Also, this library is a type-safe REST client for Java and Android. This will comprehensively map an application programming interface into the interface of a client using annotations.

10. ThreeTen

The ThreeTen Android library helps efficiently in handling the time and data for Android. ThreeTen is JSR-310’s backport which was included in Java 8 earlier as a standard “java.time.*” package.

The standard Android Calendar API is quite challenging to work with, but the ThreeTen library is really helpful.

However, this is smaller than JodaTime in counts and size, but it’s API is more concise than JodaTime’s API.

11. Zxing

This library is responsible for processing the barcode image. You can implement Zxing with the help of Java and it also supports various programming languages. It also supports the 1D product, 2D barcodes, and 1D industrial.

Google also uses ZXing in order to get a number of barcodes on the web. Additionally, it also helps in creating the foundation of Barcode Scanner Android app, which we combine into Google Product and Book Search.

12. Expenso

Expenso is a simple Android library, which is available to track your expenses. It was developed in order to display the usage of Android modern development components as per MVVM architecture, such as:

  • Coroutines
  • Android Architecture Components like: Stateflow, ViewModel, Flow, Room, DataStore, Android Material Components, and Jetpack Navigation.

The documentation of this library is great and shows the entire project architecture and structure. Expenso supports light and dark mode and is released under the Apache 2.0 license.

13. PanelLayout

Panel Layout is an Android UI library which is responsible for displaying a resizable and floating panel that has the capability to snap to the edges.

This library parses the iOS UI framework PanelKit and efficiently uses the ConstraintLayout for panel layout with the remaining content.

The documentation of this library is worthy and useful. However, many developers use it primarily for the purposes of testing.

14. SuperBottomBar

This impeccable and efficient library is an AMNB bar library. AMNB is a short form for Android Material Bottom Navigation. This library is very simple to implement and understand. You can also use it to check how a custom bottom bar can be implemented. The documentation of SuperBottomBar is good and falls under the MIT license.

15. LabeledSeekSlider

This library includes highly configurable and customized seek sliders, which come with sliding intervals, various possible tackling settings, and a disabled state. The version of this library is 1.1.0. You can also conclude the entire usage from the sample app and code.


We hope you will find this article helpful. After going through this blog, you will be able to understand some of the best Android libraries that you can use in Android app development with ease.

If you need to track your expenses in your Android app, then Expenso Android library would be an ideal choice. Similarly, if you need to add a floating action button in your app, then FloatWindow would be an appropriate choice for you. Each library has its own advantages and it is entirely dependent on you which Android library to choose as per the requirement of your project.

Cloud Migration Services

What Are The Major Challenges Of Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing platforms have become one of the most preferable data storage solutions for several organizations as it reduces the cost of managing and owning on-premise data centers.

Cloud computing enables worldwide access to a set of resources like services, data, applications, computer networks, and services. It can be done on either a privately owned cloud or a third-party server located in a data center. This is responsible for making the data access stratagem more efficient and reliable, with minimum administration effort.

In this article, we have illustrated some of the major challenges faced by the developers like you while implementing Cloud computing techniques.

So, Let us start!

Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. What Are The Major Challenges That You Must Consider While Cloud Computing?
2.1. Security
2.2. Password Security
2.3. Cost Management
2.4. Lack of Perfection
2.5. Connectivity of Internet
2.6. Governance or Control
2.7. Compliance
2.8. Multiple Cloud Management
2.9. Private Cloud Creation
2.10. Performance
2.11. Migration
2.12. Service Provider Reliability
2.13. Downtime
2.14. Vender Lock-in
2.15. Interoperability
3. Conclusion


No doubt that Cloud computing includes a lot of challenges, but there are several advantages as well, which you cannot overlook. A number of businesses of all sizes are growing comprehensively these days by adopting Cloud computing.

The challenges that we are going to discuss in this article while implementing must be resolved correctly in order to accept the cloud computing technology trend. This is because the cloud and business intelligence (BI) are dependent on each other. BI is responsible for distributing the correct information to the people and the cloud is considered as a medium to access BI applications.

In order to attain the consistency and economy of scale, the Cloud technology is dependent on the resources’ allocation. Therefore, it is quite cost-effective as well, and which is why even most of the small organizations or businesses opt for Cloud computing.

However, there are several challenges included in cloud computing, and you as a software developer must be prepared in order to deal with them for the realization of their benefits.

Let’s dive in!

What Are The Major Challenges That You Must Consider While Cloud Computing?

Cloud Computing Challenges
Challenged Faced While Implementing Cloud Computing

Here are some of the major challenges that you should consider before opting for cloud computing technology:

1. Security

One of the top concerns while investing in cloud services is security issues when you implement cloud computing. This is because the data gets processed and stored by a third-party vendor, which you cannot see. However, you will be informed consistently about the broken authentication, account hacking, compromised credentials, data breaches, and more.

Additionally, the cloud providers are putting a lot of effort in improving the security capabilities. You can also make sure that it implements privacy protocols and database security.

2. Password Security

Your Cloud account can also become vulnerable because a number of people access it. Anyone who knows the hacking tricks or is familiar with your password can easily break into your Cloud and access your secure and important information.

In order to get rid of this issue, the organization must implement a multiple level authentication and make sure that your passwords will be protected. Additionally, the organizations should also modify the passwords regularly, especially at those times when an employee leaves or resigns from the organization.

3. Cost Management

Cloud computing is responsible for allowing you to access the application over the internet connection and also helps you to save on investing in expensive computer hardware, management, maintenance, and software. Which is why Cloud computing is more affordable. However, data transfer to a public cloud is a costly affair, especially in the case of a small project or business.

4. Lack of Perfection

Cloud management has become difficult because of the factors such as continuous improvement of cloud tools, increasing workload on cloud technologies and much more. The demand for a trained workforce is consistently increasing, who are capable of dealing with the cloud computing services and tools. Therefore, the organizations must train their IT professionals in order to minimize the challenges while implementing cloud computing.

5. Connectivity Of Internet

The cloud services depend on a speedy internet connection. Therefore, the organizations, which are relatively small and face several issues related to internet connectivity should primarily install a good internet connection in order to make sure that there will be no downtime. This factor is considered as one of the most important factors to keep in mind while investing in cloud services because the internet connectivity issues might lead to vast business losses.

6. Governance Or Control

Maintaining complete control over asset maintenance and management is another challenging factor in cloud computing technology. A dedicated team should be there in order to make sure that the assets used in implementing cloud services are adhered to dedicated procedures and agreed policies. The maintenance should be proper and the assets must meet the goals of your organization successfully.

7. Compliance

Maintaining compliance is another mighty risk while implementing cloud computing. Compliance refers to a set of rules, which explain about the type of data allowed to move and what must be kept in-house in order to maintain compliance. The businesses must respect and follow the set of compliance rules by a number of government bodies.

8. Multiple Cloud Management

A number of organizations are investing in multiple private and public clouds, or a combination of public and private cloud, which is known as hybrid cloud. In recent times, this has grown dramatically. Therefore, it is very important to consider the challenges faced by such businesses and search for the solutions in order to grow with the latest trend.

9. Private Cloud Creation

It is very advantageous to Implement the internal cloud. The reason behind this is the in-house data security. But here the challenge is the involvement of the IT professionals in order to fix and build everything on their own. Moreover, the dedicated IT team also needs to make sure the smooth and proper cloud functioning. Also, the team is required to automate most manual tasks and their execution must be in the perfect order.

10. Performance

When we talk about moving business applications to a third party vendor or a cloud, the business performance automatically also tends to depend on your provider. However, investment in the correct cloud service provider is another issue while implementing cloud computing.

Before investing in cloud services, you must look for good providers with innovative and impeccable technologies. The cloud-based systems performance is linked to the systems of the provider as well.

11. Migration

Cloud Migration Services refers to moving an existing application or a new application to a cloud. When it comes to moving a new application, the process becomes very simple. However, if it is an existing application, it becomes too slow.

According to a recent survey, 95% of the businesses are moving their apps to the cloud. The survey also displayed that many organizations are finding it a nightmare. Here are some of the noticeable issues faced : slow data migrations, extensive troubleshooting, security challenges in cloud computing, application downtime, cutover complexity, and migration agents.

12. Service Provider Reliability

The capability and capacity of a technical service provider play a very important role along with the price. Make sure that the service provider must be available at the time of need. One of the primitive concerns is the reputation and sustainability of the service provider.

13. Downtime

Downtime is one of the most significant shortcomings of cloud technology. There are no sellers, who can promise for a platform, which does not include downtime issues. Cloud technology is responsible for making small organizations reliant on their internet connectivity, hence, organizations with a slow or bad internet connection probably must overcome this issue before adopting cloud computing technology.

14. Vendor Lock-in

To enter into a cloud computing agreement is much easier than to leave it. “Vendor lock-in” comes into play when altering the service providers is either not possible or excessively costly. It usually happens when the service is nonstandard. The buyer must be careful and understand the accurate needs.

Cloud computing is one of the perfect solutions for a number of businesses, but it is very important to completely understand that.

15. Interoperability

Interoperability means that the application on one platform must be capable of incorporating services from the other platforms. Although It is done with the help of web services, developing these web services is a very tricky task.


We hope you will find this blog helpful. After going through this article, we can say that cloud computing is a great platform for organizations to grow. However, at the same time, you must remain careful while implementing cloud computing. You must vigilantly choose your cloud services provider, understand the compliance policies that they follow and the provider must have an ideal plan for mitigating vulnerabilities and risks.

Roku app development company

A Complete Guide To Roku’s New IDK

4 Way Technologies is one of the leading Roku Application Development companies across the globe. We provide comprehensive end-to-end software services and help various media-centric and networking companies in developing applications for various OTT platforms.

As we know that the demand for Smart TV app development is increasing day by day, publishing and creating your own Roku channel is a smart move. Publishing your ROKU channel isn’t tough at all, thanks to the ROKU development team for introducing such an amazing SDK and now this newly launched IDK. 

But, mind you publishing does require a few things of the channel such as its source code, images, and fonts all to be “packaged”  into a bundle that gets ciphered. By means of this feature, ROKU developers can publish their channels while keeping all their data safely encrypted.

Roku has recently launched an independent developer kit (IDK) which is responsible for allowing the Roku developers to enhance the Roku’s operating system utility and expediting more innovation through the entire platform.

This newly launched IDK of Roku will help the developers in experimenting and customizing their devices in personal-use capacities. According to the Roku officials, this independent developer kit will be leading to innovation around Internet-of-Things (IoT) apps. For instance, this IDK will help you in connecting a Roku device to the game development or a thermostat.

This blog is a complete guide to the newly launched Roku’s IDK, and will help you in understanding the comprehensive features and documentations of this IDK.

So, let’s hop in!

Table of Contents
1. Introduction
2. What Are The Types of Apps You Can Build Using The New IDK?
3. How Is Roku’s New IDK Different From The Legacy SDK?
4. How To Develop Roku Apps Using Its New IDK?
4.1. How To Download The Roku IDK?
4.2. How To Explore the IDK Sample Apps?
4.3. Creating the Roku IDK Apps
5. How To Run The IDK Applications?
6. Conclusion


The new IDK launched by Roku is ideal with industry standards for streaming platforms, which is responsible for allowing customers to install the app packages on their devices. The Roku officials in their explanation informed that the Roku developers can use this IDK to code in their preferred programming language such as C, C++, Python, JavaScript, and more. Also, this new IDK will allow you as a developer to create a number of apps ranging from games to news aggregators.

Important! The applications created with the help of this newly launched IDK will certainly be limited to Roku streaming sticks only and will not support Roku TVs and streambars. Also, these Roku sticks must be running on Roku OS 10.5 or higher operating system.

Roku also further clarified that its legacy SKD will continue to remain the primitive kit for channel development for commercial apps, which you can access via the app store of the device.

Additionally, Roku has also launched a new feature – beta channel feature, which will be responsible for providing the developers with enhanced visibility into the performance of their channel while testing. Developer accounts are allowed to test two beta channels simultaneously, and each beta channel includes a testing period of 120 days in order to make it available for the public.

Further Roku also clarified that non-certified channels will be removed from its platform by March 2022. The Roku IDK and beta channel feature is also responsible for facilitating great innovation, improving the testing of beta, and offering an intuitive development experience. Also, it educates that the development process across streaming platforms is more standardized.

What Are The Types of Apps You Can Build Using The New IDK?

The new IDK launched by Roku permits the developers to code in their preferred programming language in order to build applications beyond streaming channels. For instance, programmers can create apps in JavaScript that turn their TV screens into a snapshot view of their weather, traffic conditions, daily news, calendar appointments, and much more by pulling the data together from several sources. Roku developers can also use C/C++ for creating interactive and fun games, which requires the Roku remote control, smart home apps, and various other utilities and tools.

How Is Roku’s New IDK Different From The Legacy SDK?

The applications built using this new IDK are written in C/C++ programming languages and feature real-time 3D graphics as well. Also, this IDK is responsible for building a simplified build system in order to design gaming and other types of applications.

The IDK needs an understanding of calling APIs and GLES2, which can interface easily with the Roku hardware. The Roku SceneGraph language and SDK abstract the complexities, which are responsible for enabling the programmers to focus more on creating high-performance, robust, and intuitive streaming channel apps.

How To Develop Roku Apps Using Its New IDK?

The Roku IDK is a development platform, which is non-commercial and used for creating applications for personal use. These apps can be sideloaded and run on the Roku streaming player that supports IDK.

The IDK possesses a lot of features such as real-time 3D graphics with OpenGL ES, low-level hooks into the Roku OS with a tiny subset of media APIs, an easier build system, and standard OSS shared libraries.

Programmers and enthusiasts are allowed to use C/C++ or any other programming languages such as Python, JavaScript, and more in order to deliver impeccable projects. For instance, you can use the IDK in order to initiate interactive and casual games, which work with the help of Roku remote control or other smart home applications for monitoring and controlling the security systems, thermostats, and several other devices.

In order to create and run Roku IDK apps, here are the things that you must have:

  • Linux operating system. For example, Fedora Workstation or Ubuntu Desktop.
  • Roku streaming player, which must support the IDK and run on Roku OS 10.5 or higher.
  • Roku Customer Account.
  • Roku Developer Account.

How To Download The Roku IDK?

Here are some of the steps that you need to follow in order to download the Roku’s new IDK:

  1. Click this link in order to download the newly launched Roku’s IDK, which is provided as a tarball of approximately 165MB.
  2. The next step is to extract the IDK.
  3. Here are the root directories that the IDK includes:
  • samples. – These are the apps that can illustrate various aspects of IDK development like rendering graphics, playing sound effects, playing video, handling input from the remote control of Roku.
  • platforms. – These are the header files, toolchain, and the libraries used to create IDK applications.
  • bin. – These are the binary tools such as mksquashfs_roku and paxctl.
  • docs. – These are the IDK ReadMe and ChangeLog files.

How To Explore the IDK sample apps?

The samples folder is located in the root directory of IDK and includes a trail of sample apps, which are responsible for demonstrating the primary aspects in the personal-use application development. Additionally, these samples act like templates for developers, who are willing to explore and configure these samples as per the needed functionality of their apps.

Some of the IDK samples are as follows:

  • gles2. – Illustrates the process of rendering graphics.
  • remote. – Contains a simple Nibble/Snake game, which shows the process of using the in-built helper class of the IDK in order to pass keypresses to an IDK app and allocate the remote control context.
  • sfx. Illustrates how the PCM of the IDK sound effect interface renders audio after the decoding process from MP3.
  • video. Illustrates the process of playing video.
  • video-drm. Illustrates the process of playing Widevine DRM-protected content.

Every sample contains a makefile, which is used in order to generate a squashfs.bin file that you can sideload on the Roku streaming player that supports the IDK. For packaging a sample IDK app, you need to open a terminal app on a Linux workstation. After this, change the directory to the sample in order to be packaged, and in the end enter make.

cd ../samples/gles2 


Creating the Roku IDK Apps

While creating an IDK application, it requires the resources’ organizations and the application’s code into the required directory structure and then with the help of the easier build system in order to generate the binary file of the application.

  • Directory Structure

Here is the directory structure that every IDK app must have its directories and files organized into:

  • makefile: It is a file, which is responsible for defining the instructions for making the app executable and any supporting libraries from the root directory and creating the image file binary squashfs that is sideloaded on a Roku streaming player supporting the IDK for running an IDK application.
  • sources: It is a folder, which is responsible for containing the source code for the application executable, which will be further compiled into the binary image file squashfs.
  • assets: It is also a folder, which is responsible for containing the assets of the IDK app, which is to be copied into the sideloaded zip.
  • manifest: It is a file, which explains attributes that describe the channel, like its name and icon. In the channel manifest, programmers use the persist_quota attribute in order to specify the non-volatile storage amount, which is used by their IDK app. Programmers must minimize this amount, because the maximum amount supported for IDK applications is 50 MB.
  • main.brs: It is a BrightScript file, which is responsible for containing the main entry point for the IDK app.
  • Simplified Developing System

Roku programmers can generate a makefile in order to simplify the creation of the binary file for the IDK app, which is then sideloaded on the Roku player.

Sample assets And makefiles

The samples/common offers two makefiles in order to demonstrate this easier build system (the gles2, sfx, and remote samples all use this). This folder also contains the splash screen assets and icon, which are used to identify the application on the Roku player’s home screen and at the time of app launching.

Here are the assets and makefiles, which are used in the sample IDK applications in order to create an IDK application with the help of simplified build system:

  • Roku4.mk: It is a makefile, which is responsible for specifying the toolchain binaries’ location and the default CXXFLAGS, LDFLAGS, and CFLAGS.
  • rules.mk: It is a makefile for specifying the rules for copying assets into a staging directory for generating a squashfs image, which can be sideloaded on a Roku player. This makefile recipe creates rules for incremental builds automatically.
  • icon-246×140.png: It is the SD icon for the Home Screen.
  • icon-290×218.png: It is the HD icon for the Home Screen.
  • splash-480p.png: It is the SD splash screen, full-screen black.
  • splash-720p.png: It is the HD splash screen, full-screen black

makefile Variables

The following variables must be included into the makefile in order to use the simplified build system for generating a binary file for your IDK application:

  • COMMON: It is the location of the samples/common folder. This folder includes the rules.mk and Roku4.mk makefiles, which are needed to use the simplified build system.
  • BINARY: It is the name of the executable specified in the idk_app_path attribute within the channel manifest.
  • PACKAGE: It is the name of squashfs image, which is to be generated.
  • PATH_MANIFEST: It is the channel manifest’s location, which is by default /assets/manifest.

How To Run The IDK Applications?

IDK apps can be run and sideloaded on IDK-supported Roku streaming players. Follow the below steps in order to sideload an IDK app:

  1. Firstly, Enable developer mode on your Roku streaming player that must support IDK.
  2. Now, open the Development Application Installer, and upload the binary file, which contains your IDK app to your Roku streaming player. If you are sideloading a different IDK app rather than the currently installed one, delete the existing IDK app on the device first in order to delete the non-volatile memory used by it.
  3. The final step is to test the IDK app on your Roku streaming player.

Alas! We are done.


We hope you will find this article helpful. After going through this blog, you will be able to grab some important and key factors regarding the newly launched independent developer kit (IDK) by Roku. If you have enough interest in Roku channel development, you must go through this guide even if you are on a beginner level. If you still face any issues, you may use the Roku IDK developer forum to ask for your queries related to Roku app development.

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